Parts Of Spinning Reel (Briefly Explained For Beginners)

Parts Of Spinning Reel

Bass anglers usually use spinning reels, especially if they like light tackle and lures. Additionally, they’re a valuable part of the fishing setup, mainly serving to store line and provide an accurate cast. An excellent reel brings more enjoyment to fishing. Here we discuss the different Parts of Spinning Reels.

Parts of Spinning Reels


However, the role a reel plays in catching and landing fish can be challenging to understand for someone unfamiliar with what a reel does. Our focus here is on the major parts and components of a spinning reel. Hopefully, this will clarify and improve your understanding.

Reel Handle

A spinning reel needs to have a good handle. The handle should be smooth and comfortable to the touch, so you can quickly bring the line back to the rod after casting. You can operate most reel bodies with either hand, depending on whether they equipped with right or left-handed handles.

The handle should withstand all weather conditions and allow them to rotate the rod with minimal effort easily. Most wrench handles are made of metal such as graphite, aluminum, or another material suited for delivering pressure and torsion. Some have rubber grips, but most are made of graphite or aluminum material that stands up to pressure and torsion.

Spinner reels can also equip with anti-reverse levers that keep the handle from moving when a fish pulls on the spool and takes more line out. You can also purchase reel handles separately, and they can easily replace them at a later date, should you experience problems? Last but not least, you should consider the weight and length when choosing a reel handle.

With light reel handles, the angler can adjust their retrieve easier and gain a faster response time. You can adopt the fishing techniques for bass according to the circumstances and conditions critical in bass fishing. Especially if you need to maintain a steady grip with large hands or have extra-large hands, the longer handles add weight.

In addition to this, many baitcasting reels have double-bodied handles, whereas spinning reels have single handles.

Body or Frame

The body is the essential part of Spinning Reel. Moreover, It frames all the reel’s features together. Spin, also called three order components: the support arm, the foot, and the gearbox housing. The particular design of the manufacturer may require additional components.

Metal-bodied reels are more durable over time, so bass anglers prefer to choose those made of graphite, aluminum, or plastic. Metal reels are often more resistant to rust than plastic reels despite costing more, but beware that the reels are more susceptible to warping, bending, and fall apart with frequent use.

Several varieties of reel bodies in the spinning category vary in shape, size, and composition. It is also incredibly customizable, so you will often see the flare of a particular manufacturer on the body, as well as colors and finishes. The body weight depends on the material for the metals.

Spool Material

Probably the most essential part of the reel is its handle, but the spool should not be overlooked either. Usually, the reel is made of a big plastic rod that holds the line. You also need to consider it since it will impact your success with catching a fish. A rigid spool will cause friction on the line, resulting in breakage, especially if it creates too many friction.

The spinning rods are often made of aluminum or graphite, the same material as the handles and bodies. Spools wound around the axis of the line, securing the line on the spool. Most tackle shops can take care of it for you, but you can also do it yourself, particularly if you intend to switchgear often.

If you plan to use a line, consider the line’s type, length, and weight before choosing your spool. There are usually specific dimensions that spools can carry, so lines with long distances or heavy test weights may not fit onto small spools.

It is also necessary to clean the spools of fishing reels, that the line tends to tangle the most. When the line is not properly spooled or does not come off the reel smoothly, such problems can occur. Likewise, poorly constructed spinning spools can crack or warp and prevent the line from “running off” correctly.

Drag Adjustment Knob

On spinning reels, the drag adjustment knob often found on the spool. An angler can reduce or increase the amount of friction on a line by pressing this button or set of controls. Bass fish tend to fight, so this is crucial in bass fishing as it may pull the lines back out into the ocean.

Usually, the drag system consists of a set of metal washers, but the number can differ depending on the manufacturer and system in place. The open-faced spool of a spinning reel (which is visible as the rod and reel rotate) often means that you need to adjust the drag before figuring out what rod and reel combination works best.

If the drag adjustment knob is easy to locate, it will be easier for a beginner to operate. Spinner reels have their knobs located near their handle for this reason. The ability to change casts and retrieves quickly on the fly.

It’s essential to determine the breaking strength of the line before setting the knob. The packaging contains the necessary information to help you adjust the line. A good rule of thumb is that a line’s drag should be about a quarter of its breaking strength.


When casting or retrieving fish, it’s important to ensure that the reel foot fits tightly onto the reel body so that both components stay firm throughout the swift action of the cast and the tension of the fighting fish during the retrieve.

This reel foot is rectangular to accommodate its placement on a rod. The reel body consists of graphite or aluminum, and it is usually an extension of the reel body. However, despite the standard, the reels typically don’t fit precisely to rod frames, so there is a degree of wiggle room when it comes to fit.

When shopping for reels and rods together, it is most effective to ensure they are compatible with the other.

Reel seats are components of the rod where the foot of the reel rests inside. Sometimes there is a hollowed-out area on the rod frame site, or metal fittings around the foot may denote these areas. As reel seat design can vary depending on the manufacturer, this part of the rod doesn’t always have the same finish.

Gears Ratio

It is easy to overlook the importance of gears when constructing a spinning reel, but they are vital in preventing line breaks and smoothing out the action of a reel. They sit in the reel body and are usually cylindrical. Stainless steel is unique among materials for being both challenging and corrosion-resistant.

It is often a manufacturer-specific decision to cut the gears, with certain brands having followed the same process for decades. While not a significant influence on a reel’s performance, it’s still nice to know the shape of the gear cut and the material it’s made of are factors considered when enhancing the reel’s overall quality.

The gears often determine the ratio, which plays an important role. Anglers need to pay attention to the number of rotations the reel can deliver with each turn of the handle.

Spinners are typically equipped with gear ratios ranging from 4:1 to 7:1. There are various specification numbers related to the process of spinning the handle.

Thick gears ensure that a larger surface area of the gear mechanism will carry the load, making the gear stronger. It essential to keep in mind when fighting fish like bass because their weight can vary widely. It may not be possible to catch bass with thin and narrow gears since they lack enough power to reel in big fish.

Ball Bearing

With spinning reels, the bail serves as a convenient casting aid that makes casting even simpler. When set down on the spool, the bail prevents the line from freely unwinding from the spool. After that, it will reduce friction with other reel types like the bait caster.

This feature allows bail to move up and down with hands after positioning it in front of the spool. Nowadays, bail arms are separate metal components and they are fixed with the reel body. Developed initially from wire, they are now commonly made of thin metal foil. Furthermore, well-designed reels should have strong enough joints to withstand repeated use and easily open and close bail arms.


It is the point at which the line slides across the roller during reeling in from a cast. Moreover, it will contribute to the overall feel of the reel. An unfair edge or rough surface that provides excessive friction is something anglers want to avoid. Especially if they designed to keep the lines from getting damaged or frayed. The roller allows a line to move freely without getting stuck.

The most common test is to use a toothpick to check whether this is the case by placing one against a roller and assessing its freedom of movement.

It is vital to maintain the rollers properly to ensure the lines will not twist. If you do not maintain the rollers properly, twists can become more frequent.


An anti-reverse feature prevents the reel from turning backward by engaging the drag. Bass fishing with spinning reels means you have to be particularly careful since fish are prone to fighting and pulling the line out. In terms of tangles, breaks, and snags, forcing the line backward could cause a lot of issues.

This feature usually controls the switch that can turn on or off according to the angler’s preferences on spinning reels. By disabling the feature, back reeling can mimic a drag system that releases tension by feeding line into the fish. The angler has more flexibility this way, as they can change their approach as their experience evolves.

Reel Handle

Final Thought

Although spinning reels have quite a few moving elements, they are still straightforward. These reels offer convenience and ease of casting and retrieval for beginners and novice anglers. While spinning reels offer the same advantages as baitcasting reels, they tend to require less practice. You will surely get experience by reading the complete information about Parts of Spinning Reels.

In terms of precision, they are not as precise as more expensive models. But they are reliable, durable, and easy to use. They remain so popular that a large number of professionals choose them rather than other popular alternatives.

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